Jökulsárlón Glacial Lagoon

Jökulsárlón Glacial Lagoon
 
Jökulsárlón or the Glacial Lagoon is around 290 meters deep lagoon in South East Iceland, situated at the roots of Breiđamerkurjökull glacier which is an outlet glacier tongue that extends from the southern edge of Vatnajökull, Europe’s biggest glacier. Vatnajökull covers an area of about 8000 square kilometers and is anbout 1000 meters thick where it is thickest. The lagoon is one of Iceland’s greatest natural wonders, where huge blocks of ice have broken off the glacier edge that fill the lagoon with large and small icebergs. The area of the lagoon is close to 18 square kilometers and is the deepest lake in the country.

The formation

Jökulsárlón is a fairly recent formation and it did not exist about 100 years ago and it is still constantly growing larger due to the melting of the glacier ice, as a result of the current global warming and its size has grown fourfold in the last half a century. As long as the global warming continues, Jökulsárlón is likely to grow even larger and will probably form a deep fjord in the future. It flows through a narrow channel under a bridge and into the nearby ocean on the south coast of Iceland, leaving large and small chunks of glacier ice on the black sand beach, sometimes called The Diamond Beach. It is located by the side of the main circular highway, road number 1. Jökulsárlón is a part of the Vatnajökull National Park and is an extremely popular attraction to tourist and locals alike.

Boat Trips

During the summer months, popular boat trips are available on the lagoon to sail among the icebergs. Seals are a common sight on the lagoon.

Nearby Attractions

Close to Jökulsárlón is another lagoon called Fjallslón, located a short distance to the west from Jökulsárlón. Jökulsárlón is about 5 hours drive from Reykjavík. A little more than 50 kilometers to the west from Jökulsárlón is another natural wonder, Skaftafell National Park with many amazing sights and the magnificent Örćfajökull, with Iceland´s highest peak towering above. In Skaftafell is the stunningly beautiful waterfall Svartifoss, framed in by formations of haxagonal basalt columns.